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Female Breast Cancer

About one in eight women in the UK are diagnosed with breast cancer during their lifetime. There’s a good chance of recovery if it’s detected in its early stages.

Breast Cancer Screening

Screening for breast cancer is a vital tool in identifying the disease early for many women, and can be difference between survival and not surviving the disease.

After the age of 50, you will be invited every 3 years for screening, but before that age, you will only have one if you have found a suspicious lump or thickening of tissue yourself in the breast that you are worried about.

Most experts agree that regular breast screening is beneficial in identifying breast cancer early. The earlier the condition is found, the better the chances of surviving it. You’re also less likely to need a mastectomy (breast removal) or chemotherapy if breast cancer is detected at an early stage.

If you are worried, even just a little, you should get it checked out. It could save your life.

 

What happens during breast screening?

A mammogram is when your breasts are x-rayed one at a time. During the x-ray, the breast is firmly, but gently compressed with a clear plate. It can be a little uncomfortable, but the staff (who are always women) will try can cause you as little stress and discomfort as possible.

You should be receiving your results around 2 weeks after testing.

If you would like to talk to a professional about any concerns you may have regarding female breast cancer, please do not hesitate to contact us today.




Male breast cancer

Breast cancer is often thought of as a condition that only affects women, but men can also develop it. Breast cancer in men is much less common than breast cancer in women, with only around one new case diagnosed for every 100,000 men in the UK each year.

In men, breast cancer occurs in the tissue behind the nipples and the typical symptom is a hard, painless lump in one of them. In most cases, this is a benign condition called gynaecomastia which causes the hardening. When breast cancer does occur in men, symptoms can also include nipple retraction ( turning in on itself) or discharge from the area. If you have symptoms like these, it is important that you see a health professional. There is a very good chance that it is nothing, but it doesn’t hurt to get it checked out.

Who is at risk?

It is not entirely clear what causes male breast cancer, but there are underlying factors that have been linked to it;

  • A family history of the condition (male or female)
  • Being obese. A BMI of 30 or more puts you at risk.
  • The majority of cases occur in those over 60 years of age.

Treatment

The most common treatment is a removal of the diseased tissue through surgery followed by long-term hormone therapy. In some cases, radiotherapy or chemotherapy may be used. If you have any worries about male breast cancer, it is important to see someone, as detecting it early can make a big difference to your chances of surviving it. If caught early, the chances of spreading decrease greatly. If you have any worries about male breast cancer and need to speak to someone, please do contact us today.




Thorax

The medical name for the chest cavity is the thorax and it relates to everything within it.

Lung Cancer

Non-small Cell Lung Cancer
This is the most common type of lung cancer. About 85% of lung cancers are non-small cell lung cancers. Squamous cell carcinoma, adenocarcinoma, and large cell carcinoma are all subtypes of non-small cell lung cancer.

Small Cell Lung Cancer
Small cell lung cancer is also called oat cell cancer. About 10%-15% of lung cancers are small cell lung cancers. This type of lung cancer tends to spread quickly.

Lung Carcinoid Tumors
Fewer than 5% of lung cancers are lung carcinoid tumors. They are also sometimes called lung neuroendocrine tumors. Most of these tumors grow slowly and rarely spread.

Generally speaking, melanomas will have a variation in colouring and will be of a non-regular shape. They could also be enlarged, itchy and/or bleeding.

Causes

By far and away the biggest cause for lung cancer, is smoking tobacco which can increase your chances of contracting the disease by around 25 times. Other causes known are polluted air and a family history of lung cancer.

Treatment

Treatment for lung cancers can be quite an ordeal for many, including chemotherapy, radiotherapy and in severe cases partial or complete lung removal. Early detection can be the difference between life and death.

Symptoms

If you have one or more of the following symptoms, then you may be at risk;

  • if you have difficulty swallowing
  • if you have a hoarse voice
  • if you have noticed changes in the shape of your fingers and nails
  • if you have swelling in the face
  • if you have neck swelling caused by enlarged lymph nodes
  • if you have chronic pain in your shoulder or chest
  • if you have shortness of breath
  • if you have pain or discomfort under your right-sided ribs

If you have any concerns yourself or would just like a friendly chat with a professional about screening for breast and thorax cancers, please do contact us today.